- Falls from ladders, stairs, elevated platforms etc.
- Slippery or greasy floors.
- Injuries due to collapse of jacking, lifting or hoisting equipment, and vehicles falling from lifting equipment.
- Crushed toes resulting from falls of heavy objects.
- Eye injuries from splinters and flying objects from grinding, and machining operations, while operating compressed-air equipment and during cleaning and similar operations.
- Injuries as a result of being caught in or between moving and stationary objects.
- Injuries caused by rotating parts of machine tools.
- Acute musculoskeletal injuries (intervertebral disk rupture, hernia etc.) due to overexertion while lifting or otherwise handling heavy vehicle parts, etc., and due to awkward work postures (underneath vehicle, etc.).
- Burns due to contact with hot surfaces, exhaust pipes or hot-melt chemicals; sudden release of hot water and steam lines, radiator and cooling system pipes; soldering, brazing and welding operations, etc.
- Electrocution as a result of defects, short circuits or improper use of electromechanical equipment, or contact with live wires, e.g., electric shocks from portable power tools.
- Carbon monoxide poisoning.
- Fires and explosions of spilled or leaked flammable/explosive substances, or by ignition of hydrogen released from batteries, or during flame cutting and welding operations, etc.
- Punctures and cuts caused by sharp edges of hand tools, vehicle parts and sheet materials.
- Bursting of compressed-air lines or containers.
- Accidents due to improperly installed and maintained steam/water pressure cleaners.
- Exposure to direct and reflected ultraviolet and infrared radiation (esp. from welding operations).
- Exposure to microwave and radiofrequency radiation (esp. in heat-sealing of panels and upholstery, drying of trim base panels, etc.).
- Exposure to hand-arm vibration from power-driven hand tools, resulting in development of White Finger Syndrome, etc.
- Exposure to excessive noise (> 90 dB ).
- Exposure to excessive heat or cold.
Exposure to a wide range of industrial chemicals including heavy metals, contained in brake fluids, degreasers, detergents, lubricants, metal cleaners, paints, fuel, solvents, etc., resulting in various forms of chronic poisoning:
- Skin diseases and conditions (various types of dermatitis, skin sensitization, eczema, oil acne, etc.) caused by various chemicals, e.g.: adhesives, asbestos, antifreeze and brake fluids, epoxy resins, gasoline, oils, nickel, colophon etc.
- Eye irritation, dizziness, nausea, breathing problems, headaches, etc., caused by contact with irritating chemicals and their dusts and fumes.
- Asbestosis and mesothelioma caused by asbestos dust.
- Chronic poisoning resulting from exposure to lead and its dust and fumes (esp. while repairing radiators,handling storage batteries, welding, using paints and lubricants, etc.) .
- Hematological changes as a result of exposure to solvents, such as benzene and its homologues, toluene, xylene, etc.
- Increased risk of cancer due to inhalation of diesel exhaust fumes or contact with certain heavy metals and their compounds, asbestos, benzene etc.
- Increased risk of organic brain damage due to inhalation of diesel exhaust fumes.
- Acute eye and mucous membrane irritation, headaches, breathing difficulties, chest tightness etc. caused by inhalation of NOx and respirable particulates.
- Gastrointestinal disturbances as a result of accidental or chronic ingestion of adhesives.
- Acute musculoskeletal injuries (intervertebral disk rupture, tendon rupture, hernia etc.) caused by physical overexertion and incorrect combination of weight and posture during lifting and moving of heavy loads.
- Cumulative trauma disorders, including carpal tunnel syndrome, caused by long-time repetitive work
- Danger of being attacked by individuals (including dissatisfied customers) in work places open to the public
- Psychological stress when working under time pressure
- Mount rail or other guards round inspection pits when not in use
- Wear safety shoes with non-skid soles
- Wear appropriate eye protection; consult a safety supervisor or a supplier
- Learn and use safe lifting and moving techniques for heavy or awkward loads; use mechanical aids to assist in lifting
- In welding work, wear welding helmet with UV-protecting glass
- Wear hearing protection appropriate for the noise levels and type of noise – consult the supplier or an expert
- Protect hands with chemical-resistant gloves; if impractical, use a barrier cream
- Train employees how to recognize and respond to threat of violence; provide means for summoning help, or escort if needed